MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

ISSN 2415-2315 (Online), ISSN 2221-2663 (Print)

ABSTRACT Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817-1898) was a multi-faceted scholar, intellectual, educationist and Muslim apologist of the 19th century in British India. His various efforts in different fields for furthering the cause of Muslims) especially after the trauma of defeat in 1857) established his position as the foremost voice of the oppressed Muslims of the time. In his desire to win the favor of the British, Sir Syed took the unprecedented step of writing a commentary on the Bible stressing those areas of common ground accepted both by Christians and Muslims. In doing so, Sir Syed conceded far more than what he thought he could gain from the opposite party. As a result, his Bible commentary was opposed by the Muslims, ignored by the British, and resulted in a failure

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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ABSTRACT Today one fourth of the inhabitants of the world proclaim Christianity as their religion. This popularity of the faith started after 15th century, when Western Christian powers started colonizing the people of Africa, Asia and South East Asia. Christian Mission took benefit of conducive circumstances to spread its message in the subjugated nations. Missionaries put a lot of efforts to win the hearts of people. Missionaries had to face a lot of difficulties and even some of them had to scarify their lives. Muslim scholars with reference to the Bible opine that the message of Jesus was only for the lost sheep of the house of Israel. In spite of the view, is it not logical to enquire the real reason behind the success of mission? Was it only political backing that caused the spread of Christianity or the Bible contains a viable message and methodology of mission? This article is an effort to glean the teachings and philosophy of mission in the Bible.

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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ABSTRACT This study investigates ‘The Impact of Hindu religious animated movie on children in Lahore through surveyquestionnaire method as a tool of data collection. It targeted 230 children of 8-10 years age.The study recorded the viewership of Hindu religious animated movies, reasons of respondent’s liking for Krishna character in the movie Krishna, their wish of having Krishna’s power, respondent’s knowledge about powers of Allah (SWT). The hypothesis studied was “Hindu religious animated movies have negative impact on children in Lahore, Pakistan”. The findings revealed that majority of the children watched and liked the Hindu religious animated movie Krishna. Evaluation of the collected data concluded that majority of the children are more familiar with Hindu religion and their religious heroes rather than Allah and His powers. The study also revealed that majority of the children know about Krishna, his religion, powers of Krishna and everything about the movie which showed that animated movies very effectively impart information to its viewers. The study also identified few areas for future researchers and made recommendation for improvement.

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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ABSTRACT Early childhood development is highly critical to explore the social, moral and intellectual potentials of children. Their optimal development contributes to their promising future and can bring health changes in the families, communities and societies. Research study proves that positive experiences during early years prevent difficulties during adulthood1. Pre-schools and child care centers play important role in promoting the social and intellectual development of children. The ongoing state of children in Pakistan and the current developmental practices with special reference to interaction amongst various Pre-School Programs / Child Care Centers is not highly appreciable. The study was conducted to explore the environment and practices, currently offered to children at pre-school level in Karachi, Pakistan. The population for the study includes all the teachers of private Preschools, Montessori’s and Government Katchi classes of Garden Area in Karachi. Data was analyzed using Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. Findings of the study clearly highlight the critical situation of early childhood environment in Pakistan. 63% of preschools rank below minimal level on the rating scale of Interaction, having Mean of 3.83. Out of 19 preschools, 06 stand at inadequate level while another 06 at minimal level. The study clearly urges the strong need of early childhood environment improvements at monitoring and program structure levels. Dearth need of attention is required to train teachers to attend the needs of early years of children in Pakistan and to provide conducive environment for their fullest development.

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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ABSTRACT Communication is the core element to humanity which cannot survive without a healthy communication linkage. It requires deliberate or accidental methods of communication through symbolic means in order to establish relations with others humans of a society. Interpersonal communication is the way we share our conversation and attribute its meaning with others at micro and macro-level of communication process. This paper seeks to propagate the idea that Islam is a communicative religion. Allah is communicative God Who takes keen interest in the affairs of His creatures. Interpersonal communication, human interaction and societal relationships in Islam are two way processes of sharing ideas and concerns in open and free environments of devotion. The paper examines interpersonal communication from an Islamic perspective and explains how Islam deals with communication process. The paper concludes that society has a duty to enhance unity and development of the society through interpersonal communication and social relationship.

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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Abstract: It is the basic purpose and duty of every religion to guide humanity to lead a peaceful life, by upholding certain noble principles, in order to maintain human rights and dignity of person. Almost all the religions and philosophies of the world have given central place to the idea of justice and injustice, right and wrong, good and evil; legality and illegality and the dignity of man and equality of men. Today the sanctity and dignity of a person has vital importance in the constitutions and laws of the states. The protection of dignity of man and fundamental rights of the people is generally recognized as the basic and fundamental aim of modern international law. Both the people and governments of the states have been insisting that by laws and constitutions of the states, the fundamental rights and freedoms of the people must be respected and secured. Variety of Religion is found in the history. The present study analyzes the different aspects of Christianity in the perspective of human rights and compares it with Islam.

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December 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 08, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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حیدر آباد دکن یا مملکتِ آصفیہ حیدرآباد ہندوستان کے اُن علاقوں میں سے ایک ہے، جو اپنی تاریخی اہمیت، اوراپنی تہذیبی شان و شوکت کے لحاظ سے ایک انفرادی حیثیت کا حامل رہاہے۔یہی وجہ ہے کہ مؤرخین نے بھی اس علاقے اور اس کی تاریخ اور اس کی تہذیبی انفرادیت پر کماحقہ‘ توجہ دی ہے اور اس طرح کثیر تعداد میں اس خطے پر تاریخی کتب لکھی جاتی رہیں، جو مطبوعہ اور غیر مطبوعہ، کتب خانوں اور علمی ذخیروں میں موجود ہیں

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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اس وقت چار الگ الگ اور مسلکی بنیادوں پر دینی نصاب ہائے تعلیم اور ایک تقریباً متفقہ دینی نصاب ہے جسے ابھی نافذ نہیں کیا گیا مگر حیرت کی بات ہے کہ جس علم وراثت کے سیکھنے کی آپﷺ نے باقاعدہ اہتمام سے تلقین فرمائی ہے اس کا نصاب آٹھ سو سال پرانا ہے جس کے بعد علم وراثت کے لیے درکار لازمی علم ریاضی میں تحقیقات کے علاوہ جدید حسابی آلات میں بھی انتہائی ترقی ہوگئی ہے

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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جب کانگریس نے ہندو اکثریت کے بل بوتے پر خالص کانگریس وزارتیں تشکیل دیں اور اِس کے ساتھ ’مسلم عوام سے رابطہ‘ (Muslim Mass Contact) پیدا کرنے کے لیے مہم چلائی تو مسلمانوں کو صاف نظر آنے لگا کہ آئندہ فیڈریشن میں بھی وہ بالکل بے دست و پا ہو کر رہ جائیں گے۔ اِس صورتحال نے مسلمان قوم میں ایک سخت ہیجان و اضطراب پیدا کر دیا تھا۔ یہ گویا لیگ کے لیے آزمائش کی گھڑی تھی۔ لیگ نے کانگریس کے اِس چیلنج کو، جو اِس کے نزدیک تکبر و غرور اور نشۂ اقتدار کا نتیجہ تھا، بخوشی قبول کر لیا۔ لیگ نے مسلمانوں کو ایک پرچم تلے جمع کرنے کی کوششیں شروع کر دیں۔ اس نے مسلمانوں کی واحد جماعت ہونے کا دعویٰ کیا اور کانگریس کو ایک ہندو جماعت قرار دیا

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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جب ۱۹؍ستمبر ۱۹۶۰ء کو فیلڈ مارشل محمد ایوب خان اور بھارت کے وزیراعظم پنڈت جواہر لال نہرو نے سندھ طاس معاہدے (Indus Water Treaty) پر دستخط کیے تو پاکستان نے اپنے حصے کے تین مشرقی دریائوں ستلج، راوی اور بیاس میں بہنے والے ۱۶؍ملین ایکٹر فٹ پانی کو صرف ۱۷۴؍ملین ڈالر میں بھارت کو ہمیشہ ہمیشہ کے لیے فروخت کردیا۔ ہم انگریزوں سے گلہ کرتے تھے کہ انہوں نے ریاست جموں کشمیر کا ۴۷۱,۸۴ مربع میل رقبہ صرف ۵۰ لاکھ روپے میں مہاراجہ گلاب سنگھ کو فروخت کردیا لیکن ہم اپنے پانی کا گلہ کس سے کریں

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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لارڈ آرتھربالفور،برطانیہ کا عیسائی وزیرخارجہ،جس نے اسرائیل کے قیام کے لیے۱۹۱۷ میں ایک اہم سرکاری برطانوی دستاویز تیا ر کی تھی، ایک ایسا کاغذ جس کے باعث مشرقِ وسطیٰ میں امن تب سے اب تک مکمل طور پر درہم برہم ہے۔دستاویز کے کل الفاظ ویسے تو محض ۶۷ ہیں، لیکن دراصل یہی وہ ۶۷ طاقتور الفاظ ہیں جنہوں نے اس پورے خطے کو گزشتہ ۷۰ سالوں سے آگ و خون میں نہلا یا ہوا ہے

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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جنوبی ایشیا کے مسلمانوں نے اس خطے میں جو سب سے نمایاں کارنامہ انجام دیا، اس کی جزئیات میں گئے بغیر، محض یہ اشارہ کافی ہے کہ انھوں نے ایک ایسی مملکت قائم کی اور صدیوں تک اسے کامیابی سے قائم رکھا جس نے تہذیب و ثقافت کے لحاظ سے اْن روایات کو جنم دیاجو اس خطے کے لیے ایک نظیر بن گئیں۔اس کے استحکام، خوش حالی اور ثقافتی امتیازات نے ایک عالم کو اپنی جانب متوجہ کیا اور یہ مختلف اقوام کے تخیلات کا حصہ بنتی رہی۔اس کے باوجود اس کے ساتھ المیہ یہ پیش آیا کہ جب اندرونی کمزوریوں اور اخلاق باختگی کی وجہ سے یہ زوال آمادہ ہوئی تو اس نے اپنا روایتی کردار ادا کرنا چھوڑ دیا

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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مقالہ: محصنینِ اہلِ کتاب سے مسلم عورتوں کا نکاح مؤلف: پروفیسر ڈاکٹر حافظ محمد شکیل اوج ------------------------------------------- نام کتاب: قتل بہ جذبۂ رحم مؤلف: ڈاکٹر محمد شمیم اختر قاسمی ناشر: اسلامک ریسرچ اکیڈمی، کراچی ------------------------------------------- نام کتاب: تعبیرات مؤلف: پروفیسر ڈاکٹر حافظ محمد شکیل اوج

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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In the colonial period a close relation existed between Christian missionaries and western imperialism. In the first half of twentieth century Christian missionaries held several missionary conferences in colonized areas. These conferences were organized by protestant missionary societies to achieve their goals.

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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This study was conducted to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and Job Satisfaction in the College Teachers of District Hyderabad. The sample is composed of 284 respondents, data taken from Government Girls and Government Boys Colleges of District Hyderabad randomly & collected data were analyzed by statistical methods.

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January 1st, 2014

Posted In: Issue 07, MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

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