The most important method of getting the knowledge of "Ahadith" is Isma-ul- Rajal. It was started in the reign of holy followers. As Holy Prophet's followers were willing to believe all the sayings of Holy Prophet. After the holy followers, tabeen were also very conscious about the authenticity of Hadith. But the real criticism about the authenticity of Hadith started in the 3rd (C. A.H). It was in this age that many books were written on the life if different narrators. Books about weak narrators were also written. In this way Ummah was given awareness about the fake Hadits. Hence it became possible to differentiate between correct and incorrect Hadits. This article deals with such books. We can have a glimpse of such books in this article.
Diplomacy is a very old concept. Amongst nations and countries diplomacy has a very important role. This department has been existing long before Islam. There were agreements of war and pacts of peace and trade amongs people. This department became very solid in the period of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) established relations with the other rulers of different countries which were very much useful for the growth of Islam.
When Islam spread in Non-Arab countries the Islamic Diplomats displayed wonderful services in the time of Hazrat Umar (R.A.). Hazrat Umar (R.A) belonged to Banu Addi Tribe and this tribe was appointed as diplomats. For this reason Hazrat Umar (R.A) had been the Ambassador of the Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H) and Advisor of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A).He provided such principles of diplomacy for which it is difficult to get examples in the history with his knowledge,bravery and fearlessness.
If oriental movement may consider as symbol of antagonism against the endeavors of Islam, their activities were originated with the advent of Islam. The westerns had been expressing malice and hostility from time to time specially against the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and generally against Islam. Therefore, the bull and cock stories of orientalists kept on transferring descending from father to son. But, it was the fresh tree of Islam in front of orientalists which roots were spreading far and wide. Its stem was so strong and fruitful.
Orientalists began to stroke on its roots, but despite of continuously stroking on it. They saw it much stronger. They began to detect these resources through which this pure tree was continuously taking food. They found its reality that the peak of the fort of Islam had been erected on the strongest pillars likewise the Holy Quran, Hadith and Seerat-e-Mustafa (PBUH). They strained every nerve to demolish its pillars, but vain. They regretted on their failure.
I shall briefly describe only one pillar with the reference to above; i.e., the Holy Quran with counter reference to the efforts about enmity of Islam raised by the orientalists.
Key word: Orientalists.
The survival and stability of society depends on its moral values and pure ideas and deeds. For the survival and reformation of any society the Prophet peace be upon him has urged upon the abstinence of seven sins in hadith "sab'a mubqat" i.e to associate partner with Allah (shirk), Magic, Murder, embezzlement of Orphans' property, usury, Escape from jihad, and Chastity of women to accuse.
These sins can destroy any community. There are six of them which the Muslims not only take as sins but also feel embarrassed by committing them, but "escape from jihad" is the sin which Muslims have forgotten altogether. Today the main cause of destruction of Muslim Ummah is "escape from jihad". In fact the rise, honor and domination of Muslim Ummah, relies on jihad.