In the history of Subcontinent Indo-Pak,Muslim rulers have the honor to start the art of historiography and they gave full support to develop it in this region.Salateen-e- Delhi encourage this art in Persian language and Mughal rulers supported this art in Turkish language along with Persian. The Mughal rulers also participated in this art by writing biographies. The art of historiography became more popular in Persian language as compared to Turkish language. As a result British rulers study of history of Subcontinent in Sanskrit as well as Persian when their rule stabilized. They founded Asiatic Society of Bengal and Royal Asiatic Society for its development. These organizations promoted educational and research activities in the Subcontinent. In the fourth decade of 19th century, when Urdu replaced Persian, the Muslims historians translated all available historical material regarding Islamic History, Seerah,and history of Subcontinent from Persian and Arabic to Urdu and introduced new methodology of research and review. They also connected old history, culture, and knowledge with future generation. In the following article the work of historians of 19th and 20th Century has been examined and summarized.
This present comparative study has been taken up keeping in view the aesthetics of Arabic Intertextuality in the GubarKhatir and Aljaddiah Letters. Molana Azad and IbnZaydon played a vital role in promoting Arabic literature in all over the Word.These letters has been shown significant impact on the Urdu and Arabic literature.This study is centered on Arabic Intertextuality in booths' letters it is also shows influence on the text in form and content. Moreover, it has been shown that the Molana Azad and IbnZaydon has intensively articulated on intertextuality in structuring theirs Letters as they quoted a lot of literal and demonstrative Quranic quotes which embodied events, stances, and stories derived from the Holy Quran and the Prophet Bibliography along with Islamic History. Additionally, they embodied famous poetry of great poets, and current Arabic proverbs in order to cast Aesthetics of frame and provides it with imaginative potentials. Thus, it’s became a mosaic of religious traditions, literal and historical texts that infiltrated into its structure and text. And reader feels continuity while reading the one of them.