The fact is that the globalization penetrated our countries and then affected our societies in both direct and indirect way, which influenced our literature. However, the definitions of the term globalization would be of a double-edged sword. In a new unified framework of religion, politics, economy, thought, society, education, arts, customs and traditions on the pretext of helping to comprehensive development, and when we come to the extent to which Arab prose was affected by this phenomenon we can see clearer than the light of the sun and I cannot say that the Islamic approach to the extent of the impact of globalization is summed up in the famous rule, “Take what is pure and leave what is bad.” Hence, we can summarize the saying that it is from The positive aspects of the globalization element are the knowledge of the cultures and sciences of other societies, the expansion and diversity of knowledge and culture, the ease and speed of the exchange of literary information and the creation of new prose arts, such as drama, short story, etc., and their disadvantages are summarized in congenital disintegration, religious alienation, And in the face of this new trend of innovation in prose, we can say that the Arabic language in general, and prose in particular, have a more powerful position than others in the face of globalization because the Arabic language has proved throughout the century 20, its ability to invent terminology in the sciences, arts and literature all, and the success in teaching and instilling skills and writing, including the authorship in the art of Arabic Language and Arabic literary prose.
Travelogue literature is good way to know about different places. Travelers face many incidents and accidents for which we have no approach in general books. A tourist presents a real picture of the society and the life of visited place. Iraq has been particularly prominent in the world and especially in the Arab world. Many famous religious personalities belong to this area. Iraq has been the center of knowledge and culture for many decades. Its capital Baghdad has been a place for many Muslim scholars. In addition to its geographical, scientific, religious and historical significance, Iraq contributed much to promote Arabic language. Thousands of books of different languages and culture translated to Arabic before and after Abbasid Caliphate and thus contributed to Arabic language more than anyone else contributed. Due to its importance, many travelers traveled to this city during different times and wrote about it. This article will focus Baghdad in travelogues written by many tourists focusing on their customs, manners, civilization, ethics, literature and culture during different eras. Different writers had written travelogues with their own point of view and most of them had presented the political, cultural and sociological studies with reference to ancient Islamic civilization.