MAARIF RESEARCH JOURNAL

ISSN 2415-2315 (Online), ISSN 2221-2663 (Print)

ABSTRACT: The Crimean Peninsula, also known as Crimea, is an important region on the northern coast of the Black Sea. The Peninsula is located just south of the Ukrainian mainland and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is surrounded by two seas, the Black Sea to the South and the smaller Sea of Azov to the East. From the period of Tsars, Russia was very keen to capture this Peninsula due to its geographical importance. In 1783 the Crimean Khanate, a state ruled by Crimean Tatars and generally subject to the Ottoman Empire, was conquered by the Russian Empire under Catharine-II. Since then, Crimea remained part of Russia within the Soviet Union until 1954 when it was handed over to Ukraine, also a Soviet Republic, by Stalin's successor Nikita Khurshchev, a Ukrainian. Since the Collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, there have been periodic political tussles over its status between Moscow and Kiev. With political ups and downs in the region now a days, sovereignty of the Peninsula is disputed between Russia and Ukraine. This paper highlights the history and historical disputes over the Crimean Peninsula.

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January 1st, 2015

Posted In: issue 09

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