Orientalism emerged as a discipline and produced massive literature on Islam and its different aspects. Orientalists claim that they have introduced and applied Scientific Research method and new research methodology in their research. According to them objectivity, honesty and impartiality are the main features of their methodology.Unfortunately their writings regarding Islam through all ages lack the mentioned features. Study of Orientalist's (of all times ) produced literature about Islam have some common and apparent aspects in their research methodology. In this article those common aspects which may be called major principles while studying Islam and its different fields are being discussed and analyzed which has been deducted after thorough study of literature produced by Orientalism.
Fiqh al Aqalliyyat is a legal doctrine introduced in the 1990's by two muslim scholars Dr. Taha Jabar al-Alwani and Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi. This doctorine asserts that Muslim minorities, especeially those risiding in the West, deserve a special new legal discipline to adress their special religious needs, which are different from those of muslims residing in Islamic countries.
The immigration of Muslims to Europe and America over the last hundred years particularly during the second half of the twentieth century has created and unprecedented situation Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat deals with the daily problems that arise for millions of Muslim individuals living in the West. It tries to resolve conflicts with culture and values of the host socities from within the framework of Islamic jurisprudence.