Diplomacy is a very old concept. Amongst nations and countries diplomacy has a very important role. This department has been existing long before Islam. There were agreements of war and pacts of peace and trade amongs people. This department became very solid in the period of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) established relations with the other rulers of different countries which were very much useful for the growth of Islam.
When Islam spread in Non-Arab countries the Islamic Diplomats displayed wonderful services in the time of Hazrat Umar (R.A.). Hazrat Umar (R.A) belonged to Banu Addi Tribe and this tribe was appointed as diplomats. For this reason Hazrat Umar (R.A) had been the Ambassador of the Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H) and Advisor of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A).He provided such principles of diplomacy for which it is difficult to get examples in the history with his knowledge,bravery and fearlessness.
The social security system in Islam has a different nature and approach in comparison to the prevailing systems like British social legislation, US social legislation, Scandinavian social legislation and the social legislation in the communist states. The contemporary social security systems are not new for the Muslim world because they already have experienced the excellent social security system in the early period of Islam. This article aims to present the portrait of the social security system of Islam prevalent during the reign of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam, which was based on the Moral values.