Education has always played a pivotal role in the development of the nations, Islam has specifically called its followers for the procurement of knowledge. The history testifies with the examples of great inventions and deeds performed by the great Muslims scientists in the different fields of knowledge i-e. religion science, medicine, engineering and geography etc. Acquiring education in the fundamental right of the common people and it can never be fulfilled until the support of the ruler of the state. The age of the caliphate Umar (R.A) is regarded as the golden period of history, when Islamic state fast expended and vast areas included in the Islamic domain, spreading education in the state is the prime responsibility of the ruler of the state. It is the prominent feature of the caliphate Umar (R.A) that he ruled the Islamic state with the best possible system of administration with innovation. He established the network of schools with teacher in all the nooks and corners of the state for the betterment of the masses.
Ikhtilaf, which means a difference of opinion and diversity of views, especially among the experts of Islamic law, is widely recognized in Islamic tradition as a natural phenomenon. In its meaning of ‘diversity’, ikhtilaf is also a recurring theme in the Qur’an, with references to the diverse phenomena of nature and diversity as a sign of God and proof of God’s existence and creation. According to a saying of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), diversity among the Muslim people is a blessing. Since the beginning of the development of fiqh, ikhtilaf among the jurists not only existed but was also respected.
In Islamic jurisprudence, Fiqhi ikhtilaf (disagreement among the jurists and Islamic Law) is one of the most frequently discussed subjects, yet current studies of Islamic law generally ignore its implications for the development of fiqha and its relevance for law reform in the modern context. It is neither possible nor advisable to analyze the doctrine of ikhtilaf al-fuqaha in detail in this short space. Therefore, we aims to underscore the significance of ikhtilaf al-fuqaha as a rich source for understanding the development of the Islamic legal tradition. In this paper will try to discuss about the limits and limitations of the Fiqhi Disagreements.