ISSN 2415-2315 (Online), ISSN 2221-2663 (Print)

ABSTRACT: Hyderabad Deccan, a state located in the southern region, was one of the key states in the Subcontinent. Its significance emanated from its rich cultural heritage which gives Hyderabad Deccan a prominent place amongst all states of the subcontinent. Muslims ruled over this Hindu majority state for over seven hundred years since 14 AD. The downfall of the state began mutely back in ninteenth century with the arrival of English in the Subcontinent and was concluded with their departure. The poignant and unexpected demise of the largest and most self-reliant state was not only the fall of a piece of land rather a collapse of culture, tradition and language of a whole nation. One of the most important reason of this downfall was the aggression of India after the partition of the subcontinent. At the other far end of India, located a beautiful state of Kashmir in the picturesque valley of Himalayas. Here, unlike Hyderabad, Hindus ruled over Kashmir despite a Muslim majority in the territory. At the time of partition, there were about one hundred and forty autonomous states that were given the right to decide, based on the consent of the residents and keeping in account the geographical limitations, either to choose one of the two newly formed states or to be purely sovereign and independent states. However, these rights were never practiced; the smaller and vulnerable states, even those with a Muslim majority, were forcibly merged with India. Kashmir and Hyderabad Deccan were the only two large and determined states which decided to stay independent. Whereas, the Muslim population of Kashmir wanted their land to be a part of the newly formed Pakistan. Despite the choice of Hyderabad Deccan and Kashmir, India has not only taken over Hyderabad Deccan but has also seized the Kashmir region too. The article shed light on the causes and the consequences of the downfall of Hyderabad Deccan. Similarly, it also argues that if the inclusion of Hyderabad Deccan as a part of India was justified on the basis of geographical proximity and the consent of the majority of population, how can the claim of Pakistan over Kashmir being rightfully in its territory be negated.

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June 1st, 2015

Posted In: issue 09

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