This paper explores three significant aspects of Islamiccivilization,Universality, Moderation and Renaissance in their historical context and futuristic perspectives. Among diverse global and historical civilizations, Islamic civilization plays a prominent role in all aspects of human life and inspires major populations round the globe. Intrinsically, present scholarship on civilizational debate demands an intensive work to unfold the issues of above mentioned aspects of Islamic civilization. Applying hermeneutics methodof qualitative paradigm, this study focuses on the cutting edge approaches of Muslim scholars on the issue. The study unfolds the infinite view of Islamic civilization and concludes that true Islamic solutions to the major challenges of present world are quite pertinent and accomplished enough to restore harmony.
Extremism has been defined as a quality of human beings contrary to patience, tolerance and moderation which are the qualities universally recognized as hall mark of a decent and reasonable person: Islamic teachings are so clear and manifest in this regard, that its very little literally means, peace.
According to Quran, Islam is a faith of moderation and Muslims are demanded to be patient and to exercise self control in the state of anger.
Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) demonstrated extra ordinary compassion, understanding & forgiveness in dealing with all human beings including his arch-enemies, and persecutors.
The paper describes in detail the teachings of Quran and the Prophet (P.B.U.H) in relation to intolerance and extremism and conclusively argues that the moderation is the hall-mark of the teachings of Prophet (P.B.U.H).