Islam is a comprehensive and universal religion for all races and classes of people not inclined to serve a specific category or group but specially aim to address the needs of all humanity with its moral, spiritual, social, legal, political and economic systems. The research basically involves a distinguish features of the foreign relations of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). The analysis has been done from the time of migration and it also includes the states relations with different continents along with letters of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). I have tried my lever best to simply describe the events and highlight the wisdom and intelligence of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) in the foreign relations of the Muslim state of Madina.
The purpose of this paper is to highlight and present the role of two charismatic religious and spiritual leaders, Buddha and Muhammad (PBUH). Both emerged as a liberator and reformers of their ages. At the time of Buddha, people were squeezed, enslaved and cruelly treated by the upper class Brahmans. Poor were strictly reduced to be the dependent on the mercy of that class and its so-called tenets. In such conditions, Buddha and his teachings gave a new dimension to the suppressed people for living a dignified life. Thus, he was considered, at that time, as the liberator for humanity from man-mad tenets and injustice. Muhammad (PBUH) too, liberated people from the cruelty and oppression of the upper class of the Meccan society. He conveyed the message of God to the people, with warnings and glad tidings, for the construction of a just society that should be based on the equality as per instruction of God’s revelation. He continued his mission of bringing justice and equality, and always supported the poor and weaker section of the society. So, due to such efforts he is also called the liberator and reformer for the humanity. Both, Buddha and Muhammad had same motivation to liberate people from oppression, subjugation and injustice from the oppressors of their ages.
Orientalists have always tried to discuss each and every topic related to Islamic Science and arts. Nobody can deny their endeavors in the field of research. Some research is truly encouraging and valuable. After all these things a question arises that what was the intention and motive behind their research? Was there any sincerity? Or there were any other motive. Nevertheless some Muslim scholars are benefiting from their research though there researches were conducted to distort facts and misrepresent Islam. But indirectly it benefits Islam and supports its cause. Their main objective was attacking Islam and to malign its teaching and values, thus they first studied it. Then created doubts suspicions to misguide the Muslim and to prevent the Non-Muslims from accepting Islam. Briefly we can say that orientalists have no respect for Islam nor regard for the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and his biography. But unfortunately they have old enmity and hatred in their hearts for Islam and Muslims. Therefore we cannot expect from their researches any kind of objectivity. In this research paper I will be unveiling the conspiracies and falsifications of the orientalists regarding the biography of our beloved prophet Mohammad PBUH۔
In the early days of islam, Hadith had gained an important status, but it was presecured in written form.
During the early days of Islam , there were very few literate people, and as per the directives of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) they concentrated more on memorizing Quran and inscribing it.
It is verified through some statements and incidences that later on when education became common and the Sahaba got familier with the Holy Quran, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) consented to inscribe Ahadith. Among the Sahabas Hazrat Abu Hurerah (R.A) narrated the maximum number of Ahadith (5374). Followed by Hazrat Abdullah Bin Umar, Hazrat Anas Bin Malik, Hazrat Ali (R.A) and others. Among the Tabeen Imam Shabi compiled the book titled "Al Abwab". Hazrat Umar Bin Abdul Aziz (R.A) formally started the compilation of Ahadith in 101 Hijrah, which proceeded in an organized way and a number of books of Hadith were compiled.