Orientalism emerged as a discipline and produced massive literature on Islam and its different aspects. Orientalists claim that they have introduced and applied Scientific Research method and new research methodology in their research. According to them objectivity, honesty and impartiality are the main features of their methodology.Unfortunately their writings regarding Islam through all ages lack the mentioned features. Study of Orientalist's (of all times ) produced literature about Islam have some common and apparent aspects in their research methodology. In this article those common aspects which may be called major principles while studying Islam and its different fields are being discussed and analyzed which has been deducted after thorough study of literature produced by Orientalism.
This article highlights the significance of Orientalism in regard with theModern Approaches and Methodologies in sirah Writing. The sirah writers of the modern era did consider the global developments of the twentieth century and complied sirah in a method which provided guidance in connection with these rapid changes and conditions. The study primarily focuses on the opinions of the authors of the selected books of sirah written in recent past regarding the all-important issue of orientalism. The research gives an Introduction to the modern approaches and methodologies in sirah writing as well. The study covers the subject matters of the inception of orientalism, its history and significance in modern times. The research highlights the approach of the orientalists towardsQur’ān, Hadith and Sirah. The selected books for this research written in recent past in Arabic, English and Urdu are Fiqh Al Sirah by Muhammad Al Ghazālī, Fiqh Al Sirah by MuhammadSa’īdRamaḍān Al Būtī, The Spirit of Islam by SayīdAmīr ‘Alī, Muhammad A Biography of Prophet by Karen Armstrong, MuḥāḍrāteSirah by MaḥmūdAḥmadGhāz,ῑSirah Al Nabī by ‘AllāmahShiblīNu’mānī, Aṣaḥ Al Sῑyar by ‘Abdul RaūfDānāpūrī, Ḍīā Al Nabī by PīrMuḥammadKaramShāh, Raḥmatullil'ālamīn by Qāḍī Muhammad SulymānManṣūrpūrī, Sīrat e Sarware ‘Alam, AbūlA‘lāMūdūdī and MuḥammadRasūlallāh by SayedMuhammadMiyan