Orientalism has contributed a lot to Islamic Sciences. Islamic law and its origin is one of the favourite areas of the Orientalists to research, they also have developed literature on Islamic law and its basis. Unfortunately, they ignored the Muslim's perspective and disfigured the reality about the origin and foundations of Islamic law. They emphasized that Islamic law contains foreign cultural influences. It has been claimed by the Orientalist's Scholarship that Islamic law shows undeniable traces of influence of Roman law. But they do not have sufficient evidences to prove their standing right. In this article Orientalist's viewpoint is being critically analyzed.
Pluralistic Bengali society experienced religious encountering from time immemorial. This encountering resulted in amalgamation and syncreticism that was a threat to the individual identity of every religion generally and Hinduism particularly. In the course of history, many reform movements were launched by Hindus and among these one is BrahmoSamaj that was a socio-religious reform movement. The founder of this movement was Ram Mohan Roy, who is called the father of socio-religious reform movements of nineteen century Bengal. On one hand, he incorporates the ideas of Muslim Sufis, western scientific look, utilitarian and deistic thought for his socio-religious reform program, on the other hand, from Hindu philosophical schools, he adopted the Advaita Vedanta of Shankaracharya. In the Ram Mohan’s selections of Advaita Vedanta the influence of Orientalist and Christian Missionaries can not be ignored. That facilitates him to design his neo-Vedanta which in its basis shares the concept of formless one God of ShankaracharyaAdvaita Vedanta. But it deviates from classical Advaita Vedanta in shifting of authority from Vedas to Upanishad, abandoning of idol worship, caste system, polygamy (kulinism) and widow burning. Because Shankar’s Advaita Vedanta accepts all these Hindu socio-religious duties as part of his dharma.
Orientalists have always tried to discuss each and every topic related to Islamic Science and arts. Nobody can deny their endeavors in the field of research. Some research is truly encouraging and valuable. After all these things a question arises that what was the intention and motive behind their research? Was there any sincerity? Or there were any other motive. Nevertheless some Muslim scholars are benefiting from their research though there researches were conducted to distort facts and misrepresent Islam. But indirectly it benefits Islam and supports its cause. Their main objective was attacking Islam and to malign its teaching and values, thus they first studied it. Then created doubts suspicions to misguide the Muslim and to prevent the Non-Muslims from accepting Islam. Briefly we can say that orientalists have no respect for Islam nor regard for the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and his biography. But unfortunately they have old enmity and hatred in their hearts for Islam and Muslims. Therefore we cannot expect from their researches any kind of objectivity. In this research paper I will be unveiling the conspiracies and falsifications of the orientalists regarding the biography of our beloved prophet Mohammad PBUH۔