Today, we are living in a world which is very different from that of some centuries ago. As the economic relations among men and countries expand day in day out, they are thus maximizing the number of challenges and problems also. To provide a better tomorrow and a good atmosphere to live for the upcoming generation of mankind the basic need felt by the intellectuals all over the world is to change some of the very disastrous and dangerous aspects of the worldly economic system. Capitalism in its basic form i.e. Free Market with lasses pass lasses fair theory as well as Socialism with its staunch ideology and harsh behavior are no more acceptable economic systems in the opinion of a great many economic experts and intellectuals of the time. Mankind is in need to have the several emerging economic problems fixed and have a just economic system where every single man should possess the basic needs of living a sound life; sufficient food to eat, pure water to drink and a suitable shelter to live in.
Islamic Economics which came into light very strongly in recent time undoubtedly have very powerful and targeted solutions for the miseries experienced by world and thus Islamic Economic theories can indeed play a very useful role to bestow mankind salvation from the spears-like connotations of Capitalism and thorns-filled dreaming beds of Socialism. The only work we, the Muslims especially and the rest of mankind commonly, should do to put these theories and practices in work and then they will give us their fruits. This paper aims to highlight some of the national and international economic problems and to explain the solutions given by Islam regarding economic policy making, and also the duties of government bodies and the duties of common man as individual.
This research aimed at investigating the problems in implementation of curriculum; teaching pedagogies, suggested in new B.Ed. (Hons.)/ADE Programs in teacher education institutions of Baluchistan. The research was conducted in 7 teacher education institution spread across Balochistan. The data was collected through survey questionnaire from seven Heads of the institution and nine Teacher Educators, involved in teaching different courses of B.Ed. (Hones.)/ADE at different semesters. Focus group discussion with head and nine teacher educators/institution was also conducted. The quantitative and qualitative data from two instruments helped in-depth understanding of the problems in the area of interactive/innovative teaching pedagogies and curriculum implementation. The results showed that teacher educators recognize the need of implementing new competency-based curriculum for the improvement of education system in Pakistan. They are engaged in moving towards greater use of student-centred and interactive curriculum but despite willingness, teacher educators found it quite challenging to use ICTs and educational equipment effectively. It is also a challenge to determine suitability of a teaching method for a particular content and smooth integration of more than teaching methods during one lesson.
Fiqh al Aqalliyyat is a legal doctrine introduced in the 1990's by two muslim scholars Dr. Taha Jabar al-Alwani and Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi. This doctorine asserts that Muslim minorities, especeially those risiding in the West, deserve a special new legal discipline to adress their special religious needs, which are different from those of muslims residing in Islamic countries.
The immigration of Muslims to Europe and America over the last hundred years particularly during the second half of the twentieth century has created and unprecedented situation Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat deals with the daily problems that arise for millions of Muslim individuals living in the West. It tries to resolve conflicts with culture and values of the host socities from within the framework of Islamic jurisprudence.