This research aimed at investigating the problems in implementation of curriculum; teaching pedagogies, suggested in new B.Ed. (Hons.)/ADE Programs in teacher education institutions of Baluchistan. The research was conducted in 7 teacher education institution spread across Balochistan. The data was collected through survey questionnaire from seven Heads of the institution and nine Teacher Educators, involved in teaching different courses of B.Ed. (Hones.)/ADE at different semesters. Focus group discussion with head and nine teacher educators/institution was also conducted. The quantitative and qualitative data from two instruments helped in-depth understanding of the problems in the area of interactive/innovative teaching pedagogies and curriculum implementation. The results showed that teacher educators recognize the need of implementing new competency-based curriculum for the improvement of education system in Pakistan. They are engaged in moving towards greater use of student-centred and interactive curriculum but despite willingness, teacher educators found it quite challenging to use ICTs and educational equipment effectively. It is also a challenge to determine suitability of a teaching method for a particular content and smooth integration of more than teaching methods during one lesson.
Fiqh al Aqalliyyat is a legal doctrine introduced in the 1990's by two muslim scholars Dr. Taha Jabar al-Alwani and Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi. This doctorine asserts that Muslim minorities, especeially those risiding in the West, deserve a special new legal discipline to adress their special religious needs, which are different from those of muslims residing in Islamic countries.
The immigration of Muslims to Europe and America over the last hundred years particularly during the second half of the twentieth century has created and unprecedented situation Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat deals with the daily problems that arise for millions of Muslim individuals living in the West. It tries to resolve conflicts with culture and values of the host socities from within the framework of Islamic jurisprudence.