خارجہ تعلقات کےبین الاقوامی مروجہ نظریات کااسلامی تعلیمات کے تناظر میں جائزہ
Keywords:Foreign Policy, Realism, Liberalism, Anarchy, Power politics, National Interest, Democratic states, Values
Foreign policy is one of the wheels with which process of international politics operates. It is not separate from the national policy. It is an important tool to relate the relations to other countries. Foreign policies consist of aims and measures that are intended to guide government decisions and actions with regard to external affairs. There are two major classical theoretical traditions in FPA: Realism and Liberalism.
For Realists the main actors on the world stage are states, which are legally sovereign actors. Realists believe that war is the natural condition of world politics. On the other side, Liberals have a different view of world politics, and like Realists, have a long tradition. There are many variants of Liberalism, but the main themes that run through Liberal thought are that human beings are perfectible, that democracy is necessary for that perfectibility to develop, and that ideas matter.
Being a universal religion Islam represents broad vision of its constituted policies and considers itself responsible for the preparation of its rights. In spite of these approaches, Islam gives its own guidance in this perspective. The Holy Prophet(PBUH) practically established the Islamic State, made arrangements of conveying to the whole humanity, the worldly and universal message of Islamic ideology. All facts are evident from the foreign policies of the State of Madina.